The regulations and laws and legislation of People's Republic of China
The judiciary in China has both broad and narrow meanings. Broadly speaking, the judiciary means law-enforcement activities conducted by the country's judicial organs and organizations in handling prosecuted or non-prosecuted cases. Narrowly speaking, it applies to law-enforcement activities conducted by the country's judicial organs in handling prosecuted cases. This presentation uses the term in the broader sense.
Judicial organs here mean public-security organs (including state security organs) responsible for investigation, prosecution, trial and execution of cases, the prosecutors, the trial institutions and the custodial system. Judicial organizations here refer to lawyers, public notaries, and arbitration organizations. The latter, though not part of the judicial apparatus, are an integral part and a link in the overall judiciary system.
The judiciary system in general refers to the nature, mission, organizational setup, principles and procedures of judicial organs and other judicial organizations. This system comprises sub-systems for investigation, prosecution, trial procedures, jails, judicial administration, arbitration, lawyers, public notaries and state compensation.
The socialist system of laws with Chinese characteristics
A socialist system of laws with Chinese characteristics has been put into place, announced head of legislation at the of the 11th National People's Congress (NPC) at the parliament's annual session. The establishment of the socialist system of laws with Chinese characteristics is a major milestone in the history of the development of China's socialist democratic legal system.
There are two indexes on which China's socialist democratic legal system was established. The first standard focuses on the reality: are the political and economic and cultural and social realities of the country are reflected in the content of its related laws, and also whether the civil rights included and protected by the law. The second one is the professional standard, concerning whether the legal department and its most important laws and the related regulations and legislations and the internal preparation have been ready.
The socialist system of laws with Chinese characteristics focuses on the constitution of the country. By the end of year 2010, he Chinese legislature had enacted 236 effective laws including the current Constitution, 690 administrative regulations, and over 8,600 local regulations.
The task remains arduous to improve the socialist system of laws with Chinese characteristics which we have successfully built. To improve that system from a new starting point is an inherent requirement of promotion of the development and improvement of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. This will also be the primary task for China's legislation work in future. If citizens know more about laws it would be so helpful to the law enforcement work.