Singapore is in Southeast Asia at the southern strip of the Malay Peninsula, and is separated from Malaysia by the of Straits of Johor and from the Indonesian Riau Islands, by the Strait of Singapore. Singapore enjoys a unique geographical location at the Malay Peninsula where he oversees the Strait of Malacca head and thus became the most important trading ports in Southeast Asia because it is located on the navigation lines between the Mediterranean and Western Europe on the one hand and between the Far East on the other hand.
Singapore history can be divided into three main phases:
- Empires commercial colonization period
- British colonization period
- Independence period
The estimated population of the Republic of Singapore in 2015, was about 5.5 million people. It is one of the countries with high population density in the world, the population density is 6112 people per square kilometer.
the population of Singapore included native fishermen who were Malays, but after the British occupation of the island in the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century and the establishment of Singapore a British trading center, Singapore has become attracting destination for migrants and traders from China, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, and the Middle East) mostly from the Arab countries)
The Chinese community constitutes 74%, Malays, followed by 14% and Indians 9%, in addition to other races and ethnicities, estimated at about 3%.
Singapore is a multi-religious country; the state recognizes the freedom of belief in Singapore and the separation of religion and state. The largest religions in the country is Buddhism, followed by Islam and Christianity.
The demographic diversity of Singapore has created a rich cultural which enables each ethnicity to represent its characteristics but at the same time its similarities with other ethnicities forming the country.